The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) is a non-profit independent research organisation established in 1932.
TNO’s public mission has been laid down in a special law:
In the system of innovation, TNO acts as an interface between science and the market.
TNO works in five core areas, including:
TNO Defence, Security and Safety conducts research on topics ranging from military and crisis operations, national security, critical infrastructure protection, equipment, command and operational decision-making, threat protection, to modelling and simulation, instruction and training, and combating crime, crises and terrorism.